Dedicated to Professor Jos Berghman (1949-2014)
The current retrenchment of the welfare states is buffering the growing demographic and economic pressures in European countries at the expense of the young and the elderly, and particular subgroups with intersecting high-risk characteristics. However, both investing in the young, which determines a society’s future, and providing public support for the elderly, the most deserving needy group, are seen as musts. This book encompasses selective studies addressing policies and institutional settings, individual outcomes and attitudes towards governmental responsibilities. Focusing on the young in its first part, the present book reveals the contribution of ethnic and social capital to educational outcomes, and the role of national and European policies in the transition from school to work, the duration of unemployment and the minimum income dependency of Europe’s youth. The second part of the book focuses on the elderly and discusses intersections with gender and ethnicity in old-age poverty, pension outcomes of mobile (cross-border) workers, the impact of the recent social security reforms and the possible outcomes of including financial assets and housing wealth in old-age income protection. The final chapters address the potential erosion of the solidarity towards the young and the elderly as a challenge for the European welfare states.
‘Empirical research, as it is presented in this book’s contributions, can add much to our understanding of how this social contract, and by extension also others, like the social contracts between the active and inactive, the healthy and the sick, and the rich and the poor, can be sustained, economically, politically, as well as socially.
Wim van Oorschot, Professor of Social Policy at KU Leuven and Honorary President of ESPAnet
Introduction (p. 1)
Chapter 1. Does Ethnic Capital Contribute to the Educational Outcomes of Individuals with Turkish Background in Europe? (p. 9)
Chapter 2. Young Adults at Risk in Germany: The Impact of Vocational Training on the Ethnic Gap at Labour Market Entry (p. 33)
Chapter 3. Poverty among Elderly Immigrants in Belgium (p. 57)
Chapter 4. Integrating Life Course and Pension Policy Perspectives: The Case of Poverty Among Elderly Women (p. 85)
Chapter 5. Including Assets in Comparative Old-Age Poverty Research: How does It Change the Picture? (p. 107)
Chapter 6. The Social and Budgetary Impacts of the Recent Social Security Reform in Belgium (p. 129)
Chapter 7. Cross-Border Social Security Coordination, Mobility of Labour and Pension Outcomes (p. 159)
Chapter 8. Do Self-Interest, Ideology and National Context Influence Opinions on Government Support for Childcare for Working Parents? A Multilevel Analysis (p. 181)
Chapter 9. Individual Attitudes Towards Welfare States Responsibility for the Elderly (p. 205)
Rejoinder: Is Intergenerational Solidarity under Pressure? Comparative Analyses of Age Cleavages in Opinions about Government Support for the Young and the Old (p. 229)
The Social Europe Series gives the reader more than an introduction to the social systems of the member states of the European Union. It offers the social security expert with comparative experience the opportunity to place his or her knowledge of (aspects of) foreign social security systems in a broader national context. The series facilitates the broad comparison of the national systems, by describing them according to a uniform structure.
Editorial board: Michael Adler (University of Edinburgh), Anne Davies (University of Oxford), Guus Heerma van Voss (University of Leiden), Frank Hendrickx (University of Leuven & Tilburg University), Frans Pennings (Utrecht University), Sophie Robin-Olivier (University of Paris X Nanterre), Achim Seifert (University of Luxembourg ), Sara Stendahl (Göteborg University) and Bernd Waas (Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University Frankfurt).
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