NGOs play an increasingly important role not only as international political actors but also as organizations involved in the creation, implementation and enforcement of international law. Have these organizations acquired an international status equivalent to that of States or international governmental organizations? This question is difficult to answer because there is a disparity between the reality of international NGO involvement and impact, and the international legal framework regulating this participation. Until now, NGO rules have developed organically within each organization, treaty body or international court. There is no unique set of international rules referring to NGOs as a category. In this context, it becomes relevant to survey and examine the international provisions that regulate NGO action at the international level in order to reach a conclusion on the legal status of NGOs and how this status should evolve and NGO accountability should be approached at the international level.
Chapter 1. NGO s in Contemporary International Law and Theoretical Framework (p. 1)
Chapter 2. NGO s and International Governmental Organizations (p. 67)
Chapter 3. NGO s and International Treaties (p. 171)
Chapter 4. NGO s and Global and Regional Judicial and Quasi-Judicial Proceedings (p. 241)
Chapter 5. Accountability (p. 333)
Chapter 6. Main Findings (p. 383)
Bibliography (p. 401)
Index (p. 423)
Parts of this book have been made open access. We make chapters open access because they are particularly topical, or provide a useful introduction to the subject. They may be available for a limited time or indefinitely. Some books are entirely and permanently open access.
The series International Law contains high-quality monographs and edited volumes dedicated to current issues of public international law and the law of international organisations. It aims at a broader dissemination of doctoral research and collective research efforts.
General Editor of the series is Professor Jan Wouters, Jean Monnet Chair and Professor of International Law and International Organisations, and Director of the Institute for International Law and Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies at the University of Leuven.