The International Commission of Jurists was founded in 1952 to promote the understanding and observance of the rule of law throughout the world. The ICJ's work is "devoted to the legal promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms in all parts of the world". In 1978, the ICJ created a Centre for the Independence of Judges and Lawyers (CIJL) with the task of informing lawyers about the plight of their colleagues in many countries who are being persecuted for their professional work, and mobilizing lawyers' organizations to take action in support of members of the legal profession so harassed.
The ICJ Yearbook 2004 contains not only reports of fact-finding missions and country monitoring (e.a. Swaziland, Nepal, Tunisia, Criminal Justice Reform in India, trial observations in Turkey and Malaysia) but also several articles about human rights and judicial independence and documents.
There are no separate chapters available for this publication.