1. On 16 May 2009, the EC Directive 2009/38 (Recast Directive) has been published in the Official Journal. With effect from 6 June 2011, the EC Directive 94/45 on the establishment of a European Works Council or a procedure in Community-scale undertakings and Community-scale groups of undertakings for the purposes of informing and consulting employees will be repealed. It will be substituted by the Recast Directive.