Criminology and the Criminal Justice System is a book for everyone interested in the historical development of the ideas on crime and punishment and their impact on the criminal justice system and the fight against crime more widely. It is as much a book for students, researchers and policy makers, as it is for lawyers, magistrates, police officers, public prosecutors and social workers. It is also a book for a wider readership curious about the origins of the current approach to issues of crime and criminal justice.
Never before has an introduction to criminology systematically dealt with its history from the sixteenth century up to the present day, as well as the institutions of the criminal justice system: the police, the judiciary, the prison system, rehabilitation and youth protection.
This is the first published study not only to discuss the development of criminology and the criminal justice systems of Western Europe (Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, France, Great Britain and Italy) but also to delve into the interplay with the evolution of the system in the United States from the end of the eighteenth century up to this day.
In addition, the extensive bibliography and numerous illustrations make this textbook ideal for further study and more in-depth research as well as a pleasure to read.
Chapter 1. General introduction (p. 1)
Chapter 2. Origin of the present-day criminal justice system (p. 9)
Chapter 3. Restructuring of the criminal justice system during the Enlightenment and the French period (p. 27)
Chapter 4. Emergence of the scientific study of crime, criminals, and the combatting of crime (p. 75)
Chapter 5. Establishment of criminology in Italy and France (p. 131)
Chapter 6. Development of criminology in German-speaking Europe and the United Kingdom (p. 193)
Chapter 7. Establishment of criminology in the Netherlands and Belgium (p. 259)
Chapter 8. Ideologisation of criminology in the Third Reich and Soviet Union (p. 325)
Chapter 9. Reception of European criminology in the United States (p. 355)
Chapter 10. Transatlantic integration of criminology (p. 463)
Chapter 11. General conclusion (p. 545)
Bibliography (p. 557)
Register of names (p. 639)