This book describes and analyses the Swedish legal rules and practices regarding jurisdiction, mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, extradition and the EU arrest warrant. The Swedish law and practice in international criminal law is particularly significant for two main reasons. It is a system which is both logical and coherent. It displays a considerable Germanic theoretical influence, but its sophistication is tempered by pragmatism, designed to facilitate “user-friendliness”. Secondly, the Nordic countries, because of a common history, and shared language and cultural factors, have long had a very high and effective degree of cooperation in international criminal law matters. The experience of the Nordic cooperation has been an important inspiration for the legislative work of the EU in the field. To create a “European judicial space”, based upon both harmonization and mutual recognition of decisions, the EU has produced a large number of instruments to improve judicial and prosecutorial cooperation in criminal matters. With the adoption of the Lisbon Treaty, the pace of EU legislation in the field will increase. These EU instruments cannot work effectively unless they are integrated properly into the criminal law systems of the Member States, and these systems in turn facilitate efficient cooperation. The European judicial space also requires a high degree of understanding of other systems and a high level of mutual trust. At a time when regionalization and globalization are leading to an increase in the number of offences with a transnational dimension, this book is designed to make the “best practices” of the Swedish system of international criminal law accessible to an English-speaking legal public of both practitioners and academics.
1. INTRODUCTION (p. 1)
2. RELEVANT ASPECTS OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE AND CRIMINAL LAW (p. 31)
3. JURISDICTION (p. 53)
4. INTERNATIONAL LEGAL ASSISTANCE IN CRIMINAL MATTERS (p. 101)
5. EXTRADITION FOR CRIMINAL OFFENCES (p. 165)
6. SURRENDER IN ACCORDANCE WITH A EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT (p. 197)
APPENDIX. Chronological table of selected treaties in international criminal law and related matters ratifi ed by Sweden (p. 241)
The time that criminal law was pre-eminently a national matter is gone. Criminal law and criminal procedure is no longer solely a product of decisions made by national legislative bodies, applied by national police, prosecutors and judges. A new criminal law is developing which goes beyond separate nations: supranational criminal law.
One example of this development is the relatively young body of law concerning war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. Particularly essential to this development has been the establishment of the ICTY, the ICTR and the ICC, and of many internationalised tribunals all over the world. A second example of the development towards the supranationalisation of criminal law can be seen on a more regional level. In Europe for instance, the area of criminal law has become a prioritised field of co-operation in the third pillar of the European Union. These supranational criminal systems are criminal systems sui generis.
That at least is the presupposition of this series on supranational criminal law. The Supranational Criminal Law: Capita Selecta series contributes to this discussion from a theoretical, dogmatic point of view, working towards new, consistent and fair penal systems, crossing the borders of the old law families and traditions.
The series is edited by Dr. Roelof H. Haveman (editor-in-chief - Rule of Law Advisor, embassy of the Netherlands in Mali), Dr. Paul J.A. De Hert (Free University of Brussels, Belgium and University of Tilburg, the Netherlands) and Dr. Alette Smeulers (University of Tilburg, the Netherlands).
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