Legislatures sometimes adopt laws that create a special legal regime for a particular case rather than general rules for an indefinite number of situations or persons. These ad hoc laws are controversial. Politically, legislatures may be forced to act in one specific case (for example as a respond to a public outcry), but in doing so they risk violating the principles of the rule of law. Such legislative practice might lead to abuse of legislative power, inequality of citizens before the law, legal uncertainty, and weakening of the position of the courts. The purpose of this first in-depth comparative study in the fields of constitutional law and legislative studies is to clarify the use and existence of ad hoc laws and to place them within a constitutional framework of the rule of law. It is a comparative study of the United States, Germany and the Netherlands.
Those who will benefit from this book are constitutional law/legislation/human rights academics, constitutional law practitioners, judges from constitutional courts, legislative lawyers and legislators. This book provides innovative and profound insights from a comparative perspective and is a valuable addition to library collections.
PART I. INTRODUCTION (p. 1)
PART II. THE UNITED STATES (p. 13)
PART III. GERMANY (p. 97)
PART IV. THE NETHERLANDS (p. 167)
PART V. COMPARISON AND ANALYSIS (p. 233)
CONCLUSIONS (p. 285)
Bibliography (p. 293)
Index (p. 311)
About the author (p. 321)
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Prof. Dr. J. Smits (chair - Tilburg University, the Netherlands)
Prof. Dr. M. Faure (Maastricht University and Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands)
Prof. Dr. E. Vos (Maastricht University, the Netherlands).