Blurred Lines of Responsibility and Accountability

This book discusses how delivering a Mega-Sporting Event (MSE) can impact human rights and highlights the challenges of dealing with cases of MSE-related human rights abuses and establishing legal responsibility.
Daniela Heerdt
Human Rights Research Series
book | published | 1st edition
April 2021 | xxii + 286 pp.



ISBN 9781839701177

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ISBN 9781839701184

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Mega-sporting events (MSEs), like the FIFA World Cup or the Olympic and Paralympic Games, are prestigious international events that attract attention in every part of the world. In the last two decades, it became increasingly clear that such events can lead to adverse human rights implications. Notable examples include cases of forced evictions of local communities, violent repressions of protests around MSE venues, and the exploitation of both migrant and non-migrant workers on event-related construction sites.

This book discusses how delivering an MSE can impact a whole range of human rights, highlighting the challenges in dealing with cases of MSE-related human rights abuses and establishing legal responsibility. More specifically, it analyses the shortcomings of international human rights law and international law of responsibility in dealing with the complex governance system of MSEs, which is based on the involvement of a mix of national, international, private and public actors and blurs the lines of responsibility and accountability. As a result, the identification of responsible actors, the establishment of their responsibility, and the access to remedies for those affected are significantly complicated. To address these challenges, this book proposes a shared responsibility approach to the cases at hand, suggesting that actors involved in MSE delivery would share legal responsibility to the extent that they made a relevant contribution to an outcome that presents a human rights violation, and explores how this approach can work in theory and practice.

Table of Contents

Table of contents and preliminary pages (p. 0)

Daniela Heerdt

1. Introduction. Mega-Sporting Events and Human Rights (p. 1)

Daniela Heerdt

2. Adverse Human Rights Impacts of Mega-Sporting Events (p. 21)

Daniela Heerdt

3. The Role of Law in MSE Governance (p. 59)

Daniela Heerdt

4. Establishing Legal Responsibilities for MSE-related Cases of Forced Evictions and Forced Labour (p. 95)

Daniela Heerdt

5. The Limitations of Existing Legal Structure in Establishing Responsibility for MSE-related Human Rights Abuses (p. 131)

Daniela Heerdt

6. The Lex Ferenda Approach to MSE-related Human Rights Abuses: Establishing Shared Responsibility (p. 153)

Daniela Heerdt

7. The Practical Implementation of Shared Responsibility for MSE-related Human Rights Abuses (p. 203)

Daniela Heerdt

8. Conclusion and Summary (p. 235)

Daniela Heerdt

About the series:

Human Rights Research Series

The Human Rights Research Series’ central research theme is the nature and meaning of international standards in the field of human rights, their application and promotion in the national legal order, their interplay with national standards, and the international supervision of such application. Anyone directly involved in the definition, study, implementation, monitoring, or enforcement of human rights will find this series an indispensable reference tool.

The Series is published together with the world famous Netherlands Network for Human Rights Research (formerly School of Human Rights Research), a joint effort by human rights researchers in the Netherlands.

Editorial Board: Prof. dr. Antoine Buyse (Utrecht University), Prof. dr. Fons Coomans (Maastricht University), Prof. dr. Yvonne Donders (Chair - University of Amsterdam), Dr. Antenor Hallo de Wolf (University of Groningen), Prof. dr. Kristin Henrard (Erasmus University Rotterdam), Prof. dr. Nicola Jägers (Tilburg University), Prof. Titia Loenen (Leiden University) Prof. dr. Janne Nijman (T.M.C. Asser Instituut) and Prof. dr. Brigit Toebes (University of Groningen).

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